Public-supply wells to contaminant vulnerability measured in new study

Sponsored by

Aug. 8, 2013 -- A new study by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) describes key factors that help determine the vulnerability of public-supply wells to contamination, including which pollutants in an aquifer might reach a well and when, how and at what concentration they might arrive.

The study found that conditions in some aquifers enable contaminants to remain in the groundwater longer or travel more rapidly to wells than conditions in other aquifers. Direct pathways, such as fractures in rock aquifers or wellbores of non-pumping wells, frequently affect groundwater and contaminant movement, making it difficult to identify which areas at land surface are the most important to protect from contamination. An unexpected finding is that human-induced changes in recharge and groundwater flow caused by irrigation and high-volume pumping for public supply changed aquifer geochemical conditions in numerous study areas. Changes in geochemical conditions often release naturally occurring drinking-water contaminants such as arsenic and uranium into the groundwater, increasing concentrations in public-supply wells.

"Improving the understanding of the vulnerability of public-supply wells to contamination is needed to safeguard public health and prevent future contamination," said Suzette Kimball, acting USGS Director. "By examining ten different aquifers across the nation, we have a more thorough and robust understanding of the complexities and factors affecting water quality in our public supplies."

The study explored factors affecting public-supply-well vulnerability to contamination in ten study areas across the Nation. The study areas include Modesto, Calif., Woodbury, Conn., near Tampa, Fla., York, Nebr., near Carson City and Sparks, Nev., Glassboro, N. J., Albuquerque, N. Mex., Dayton, Ohio, San Antonio, Tex., and Salt Lake City, Utah.

Measures that are crucial for understanding public-supply-well vulnerability include: 1) the sources of the water and contaminants in the water that infiltrate the ground and are drawn into a well; 2) the geochemical conditions encountered by the groundwater; and 3) the range of ages of the groundwater that enters a well.

"Common sense might say that wells located near known contaminant sources would be the most vulnerable, but this study found that even where contaminant sources are similar, there are differences in public-supply-well vulnerability to contamination," said Sandra Eberts, the study team leader.

About one-third of the U.S. population gets their drinking water from public-supply wells. Knowledge of how human activities change aquifer conditions that control which contaminants are released to groundwater and how persistent those contaminants are once in the groundwater can be used by water managers to anticipate future water quality and associated treatment costs.

The quality of drinking water from the Nation's public water systems is regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Safe Drinking Water Act.  The USGS studies are intended to complement drinking water monitoring required by federal, state and local programs.

###

Sponsored by

TODAY'S HEADLINES

Research reveals dramatic growth of global hydropower expected this decade

Based on new statistics, an unprecedented boom in global hydropower dam construction is underway, primarily in developing countries and emerging economies.

DOD, NIH awards Cambrian prestigious contracts to further develop advanced biotechnologies

Cambrian Innovation recently won a prestigious contract from the Department of Defense and another two from the National Institutes of Health to further develop biotechnologies to dramatically improve water treatment, testing and remediation.

MWH Global promotes nearly a dozen employees to VP positions

MWH Global has officially announced the promotion of three employees to senior vice president and eight others to vice president. The promotions were confirmed by the MWH board of directors at its August board meeting.

Online Zeta Potential Measurement Provides Water Treatment Control, Cost Reduction

Online zeta potential measurements can provide real-time water quality monitoring and support effective process control under all circumstances. The value of online measurement is illustrated through the experiences of Aurora Water, which is using zeta potential at one facility as both an offline and online tool for monitoring and controlling water treatment processes.

FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL MEDIA