Dec. 16, 2013 -- A substantial blueprint for rainwater reuse has been created by a groundbreaking drainage project in downtown Monterrey, Nuevo León in Mexico, which has the potential to be replicated in order to help tackle the joint challenges of urban regeneration and water scarcity across the region.
The third largest city in Mexico with a population of 4 million, Monterrey is experiencing water scarcity in arid northern regions of the country, and it is becoming an increasing problem caused by over-extraction from underground aquifers. The drainage project, a social rehabilitation endeavor, has transformed 1.5 hectares (3.7 acres) of abandoned street islands running along eight blocks of the city's main Edison Avenue from hot-spots of crime and deprivation into a meeting point for the local community including sports facilities and children's play areas.
With a catchment basin of 540,000 m² (133 acres) draining almost 300,000m3 (10,500,000 cubic feet) of rainwater, the area was prone to heavy flooding and subject to pollution from trash and other floatable debris as well as from hydrocarbons carried in the runoff during storm periods. The solution was designed and built by Solutions Hidropluviales of Mexico City and pioneered the use of stormwater treatment technologies from Hydro International in combination with stormwater storage to recycle rainwater, irrigate the islands and plant a green corridor of 170 oak trees.
|Installation of the Hydro Downstream Defender (Photo credit: Hydro International)
The project employs a novel concept using Hydro vortex separation technologies to clean runoff upstream of two retention tanks, explains Alberto Burgoa, president and CEO of Solutions Hidropluviales, which is Hydro's stormwater product distributor in Mexico. The new rainwater harvesting solution was retrofitted underneath one of the traffic islands with treatment solutions supplied via Hydro's U.S. Stormwater Division, headquartered in Portland, Maine.
"Using rainwater retention for stormwater management has not been common in Mexico, but we believe it could have great potential as a sustainable solution that can help combat the country's severe water scarcity problems," Burgoa said. "The solution we have engineered will store enough water to irrigate the oak trees for 62 days. We hope the technology we developed can not only provide clean water for irrigation projects but also be used for industrial or other urban regeneration schemes throughout Mexico."
A Hydro Downstream Defender® vortex separator removes sediment, oils and floatables from the stormwater before it enters the first 186m³ (6,569 cubic foot) plastic tank designed to regulate the flow and store water. At the outlet to the tank a Hydro Up-Flo® Filter provides further high-performance stormwater filtration to remove fine sediments nutrients and metals. Finally, the water passes into a 62m2 (2,190-cubic-foot) storage tank, from where it is pumped to the drip irrigation system.
|Edison Avenue now provides a community meeting point for local residents. (Photo credit: Hydro International)
"We completed the drainage project in a very short three-month timescale. The Hydro products were quick and simple to install," Burgoa said. Although the Downstream Defender® and Up-Flo® Filter typically require maintenance once per year, the heavy pollutant load of the drainage area will require more frequent clean-outs. "The Downstream Defender® and Up-Flo® Filter will require maintenance twice a year, which is minimal compared to alternative stormwater treatment solutions," he added.
The regeneration of the Edison district is being led by OXXO, the well-known national convenience store chain which has its headquarters in the area. OXXO gathered together a group of investors and sponsors to form The Trust Poligono Edison, which includes the FEMSA bottling corporation, Monterrey Municipality, Monterrey Football Club, and the U.S. Consulate.
The project has seen the islands transformed into a series of family recreation areas including a children's playground, basketball courts, exercise equipment, ping pong and public fountains. Cultural activities will be organised for the areas 24,000 residents to provide a central community focus and encourage improved social conditions.
View a video of the project: