Stringent government standards for effluent, a population boom, growing industrialization in isolated locations, and excessive volumes of waste and wastewater generation have highlighted the need for sustainable, reliable, and cost-effective wastewater and solid waste treatment technologies. Decentralized waste and wastewater treatment technologies are being considered because of their low maintenance, economic and environmental advantages, as well as ability to enable the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, relieve the stress of landfills, generate soil amendments, and preserve aquatic ecosystems.
Frost & Sullivan’s research, “Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies,” identifies the key technologies, market drivers and challenges, global and regional trends, innovators and innovations across treatment technologies that enable sustainable treatment practices, namely material recovery facilities; aerobic, anaerobic, rapid and vermicomposting systems; sequential batch reactors; upflow anaerobic sludge blanket systems; septic tanks; trickling filters; and biomethanation plants.
“Decentralized solid waste management models and technologies can be installed with the separation of organic, recyclable, and residual solid wastes at source,” said Frost & Sullivan TechVision Research Analyst Sharath Thirumalai.
“This will reduce the amount of solid waste transported to landfills by 60 percent and play a significant role in improving the quality of compost and treated effluent.” Innovative companies active in the decentralized composting and wastewater treatment market include:
Ecoganix – An aerobic composting company currently handling about 30,000 tons of green and food waste per year through open windrow and in-vessel composting.
Ecobin – A waste management solutions provider providing segregation of waste, Bokashi custom-made anaerobic composters, and community composting that can be implemented in apartments, schools, and restaurants.
The Urbanworm – A company that specializes in supplying tiger worms that are effective in vermicomposting systems and are excellent in breaking down organic matter. The vermicasts obtained from the degradation is a superior-quality, nutrient-rich soil amendment that can enhance soil fertility and increase crop yield.
Ecoteam’s Constructed Wetland – Low-energy-intensive ecosystems designed to treat sewage, storm water, and agricultural runoff. Ecoteam specialize in the design, construction, and maintenance of wetlands.
Worms Downunder – Manufactures vermiculture and vermicomposting systems known as the Worm Habitat Junior. Worms Downunder operates extensively throughout the Australian territory and has distributors stationed in several states in Australia. The firm also manufactures a range of composting equipment named OSCA (On-Site Composting Apparatus).
“The adoption of decentralized wastewater and solid waste technologies is restrained by a lack of financial support and incentives,” noted Thirumalai. “Governments of developing countries are also not actively working with non-governmental organizations to form public-private partnerships nor educating people in rural and semi-urban areas about the importance of decentralized treatment systems.”
Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies is part of Frost & Sullivan’s TechVision (Clean and Green Environment) subscription programme.About TechVision Frost & Sullivan’s global TechVision practice is focused on innovation, disruption and convergence, and provides a variety of technology-based alerts, newsletters and research services as well as growth consulting services. Its premier offering, the TechVision program, identifies and evaluates the most valuable emerging and disruptive technologies enabling products with near-term potential. A unique feature of the TechVision program is an annual selection of 50 technologies that can generate convergence scenarios, possibly disrupt the innovation landscape, and drive transformational growth. View a summary of our TechVision program by clicking on the following link: http://ifrost.frost.com/TechVision_Demo.