DUBLIN, Ireland, Jan. 15, 2010 -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "British Water and Wastewater Market Potential" report to their offering.
Water supply is the process of self-provision or provision by third parties of water of various qualities to different users.
In 2007, over 5 billion people worldwide (54% of the global population) had access to piped water supply through house connections. Another 1.3 billion (20%) had access to an improved water source through other means than house connections, including standpipes, "water kiosks," protected springs and protected wells. Finally, more than 1 billion people (16%) did not have access to an improved water source, meaning that they have to revert to unprotected wells or springs, canals, lakes or rivers to fetch water. It should be noted that access to an improved source of water does not necessarily imply that it is safe to drink from that source. Waterworks is processed through filtration before distribution but there is a risk in contamination because pipelines might become too rusty.
Water supply systems get water from a variety of locations, including groundwater (aquifers), surface water (lakes and rivers), conservation and the sea through desalination. The water is then, in most cases, purified, disinfected through chlorination and sometimes fluoridated. Treated water then either flows by gravity or is pumped to reservoirs, which can be elevated such as water towers or on the ground (for indicators related to the efficiency of drinking water distribution see non-revenue water). Once water is used, wastewater is typically discharged in a sewer system and treated in a wastewater treatment plant before being discharged into a river, lake or the sea or reused for landscaping, irrigation or industrial use.
This report examines the Water & Waste Industry in the United Kingdom.
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