Construction of first tunnel under SF Bay completed; provides reliable drinking water source

The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission has joined with Dave Pine, president of the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors, to celebrate the completion of the first tunnel under San Francisco Bay at the location where the first Hetch Hetchy water enters Crystal Springs Reservoir.

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SAN FRANCISCO, CA, Oct. 21, 2014 -- On Wednesday, Oct. 15, the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) joined with Dave Pine, president of the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors, to celebrate the completion of the first tunnel under San Francisco Bay at the location where the first Hetch Hetchy (HH) water enters the Crystal Springs Reservoir.

Eighty years ago this month, a similar celebration occurred in this exact spot when HH water was first delivered to the San Mateo-Peninsula region through Bay Division Pipeline 1. That original lifeline, and the entire HH system, was built in response to the 1906 earthquake and the devastating fires that ensued in its aftermath.

The multi-billion-dollar Water System Improvement Program (WSIP) was a response to the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake and the likely seismic event that will occur in the Bay Area in the next 30 years. As one of the last WSIP projects, the Bay Tunnel replaces two aging pipelines (Bay Division 1 & 2) that sit on the Bay floor. The new Bay Tunnel acts as a seismically-reliable lifeline connecting HH and East Bay water supplies with customers on the Peninsula and in San Francisco.

Construction on the Bay Tunnel began in April 2010, and it was just put into service after weeks of testing and disinfection. At $288 million, the project was delivered on time and below the original budget estimate of $313 million. "Ratepayers are investing in critical infrastructure upgrades to ensure that precious Hetch Hetchy Water will continue to be delivered after a major seismic event," said Nicole Sandkulla, CEO of the Bay Area Water Supply and Conservation Agency. "The decision to invest 100 percent of ratepayer money now, rather than later, will prepare us for the future major seismic event that we know will occur in our region."

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Construction workers in the Bay Tunnel (Photo credit: SFPUC)


The Bay Tunnel is one of the last projects in SFPUC's WSIP -- one of the largest water infrastructure improvement programs in the country. Like water utilities in many parts of the country and world, SFPUC is in a race against time to buttress its aging infrastructure. Since 2002, the nearly $4.8-billion WSIP has strengthened the water lifelines that cross over the major earthquake faults in the Bay Area to deliver high-quality HH water to customers.

Comprised of 83 projects, WSIP is more than 80 percent complete and has seismically strengthened vulnerable pipelines and reservoirs, constructed redundant facilities and completed major projects like this one as well as the seismic slip-joint upgrade project at the Hayward Fault (see "One-of-a-kind slip joint ensures steady future water distribution for S.F. Bay Area"). WSIP was also an important economic engine helping to sustain the Bay Area economy after the 2008 Recession. Since 2002, WSIP investments have created 11,000 jobs, generated nearly 7,000,000 craft hours for workers and have trained new workforces in skilled trades, all while stimulating our local economy.

"The new Bay Tunnel will ensure that we have reliable access to Hetch Hetchy water at all times, particularly within 24 hours of a major earthquake," said SFPUC General Manager Harlan L. Kelly, Jr. "The Water System Improvement Program has been an ambitious and successful undertaking. We are nearing completion of the program, with just a few construction projects remaining, such as the Calaveras Dam rebuild, which will replace the original dam built in 1925."

See also:

"New director hired for SFPUC Water System Improvement Program"

"New pipeline provides backup in earthquake country"

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