Lighter Pipe, Custom Fittings Help Speed Plant Project

Hobas Pipe USA provided centrifugally cast, fiberglass reinforced, polymer mortar (CCFRPM) pipe for the Spring Creek WWTP Improvement project. The pipe provided cost savings were due to lower pipe and fitting materials cost and the associated installation costs.

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Hobas Pipe USA provided centrifugally cast, fiberglass reinforced, polymer mortar (CCFRPM) pipe for the Spring Creek WWTP Improvement project. The pipe provided cost savings were due to lower pipe and fitting materials cost and the associated installation costs.

By Erin Boudreaux

Springfield Metro Sanitary District (SMSD) serves an estimated population of 150,000 residents in the Springfield, IL, metro area. As the metro area has grown, so have the challenges that face the district.

The existing Spring Creek WWTP became operational in 1929 and its last significant upgrade was in 1975. In order to meet regulatory requirements and future demand, a $125 million upgrade and expansion were designed. Funding for the project was provided through a Water Pollution Control Loan, using both state and American Recovery and Reinvestment money. Crawford, Murphy and Tilly (CMT) of Springfield was selected to provide design and construction management for the Spring Creek WWTP Improvement project.

The project was divided into four phases. Phases One and Two were bid as two contracts, both awarded to River City Construction of East Peoria, IL, who subcontracted the pipe installation to Petersburg Plumbing and Heating of Petersburg, IL. Phase Three was awarded to Plocher Construction of Highland, IL, who subcontracted the pipe installation to Davis-Houk Mechanical of Urbana, IL.

Hobas Pipe USA provided 418 feet of 84 inch diameter centrifugally cast, fiberglass reinforced, polymer mortar (CCFRPM) pipe for Phases One and Two. For Phase Three, the company provided 5,120 feet of pipe ranging in diameter from 48 to 84 inches.

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Fiberglass fittings can be constructed in almost any configuration and angle, pictured is a 45-degree elbow with stainless steel closures.

“Hobas Pipe USA and Davis-Houk Mechanical inquired if the owner (SMSD) would be receptive to utilizing Hobas pipe and fittings for the 48 inch pipe,” said Raed Armouti, P.E., field services manager for CMT. “We recommended this change and the owner agreed to entertain this proposal. Based on the substantial cost savings for using 48-inch Hobas pipe and fittings instead of ductile iron, the owner agreed to the change.”

The cost savings were due to lower pipe and fitting materials cost and the associated installation costs. Hobas pipe and fittings are much lighter than ductile iron, so smaller equipment could be used for the installation operations. Fiberglass fittings can be constructed in almost any configuration and angle. Numerous fittings, such as wyes, reducers, tees and elbows were supplied for Phase Three.

Structural Strength

The maximum depth of the buried pipeline was 21 feet with a minimum depth of 2.5 feet. The high stiffness design of the 46-psi pipes was suitable to handle the deep covers and also potentially high live loads due to traffic on Highway HS-20 at shallow covers.

“The native soils are silty clay,” Armouti said. “We used granular backfill from four inches below the bottom of the pipe to 12 inches above the top of pipe. This was IDOT FA-1 sand that was compacted to 98 percent Proctor by water jetting. We were comfortable that the granular bedding provided the 46-stiffness pipe with the required support for the 21-foot depth that we have.”

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Intermediate piping with stainless steel closure couplings allowed concrete structures, such as clarifiers, to be constructed independently of each other.

Field Versatility

An expansion to an existing WWTP can be difficult to completely design ahead of time. Exact connections to existing structures sometimes are not known until the project is underway and the ground area around the structures is removed.

“A lot of field cutting of pipe was done to hit structures,” said Chad Graham, project manager, Davis-Houk Mechanical. “Hobas provided 95 fittings for this WWTP expansion. Custom fittings such as special angle elbows, reducers and wyes were designed. Fairly standard 45- and 90-degree elbows were also modified with longer than normal lay lengths to minimize field cuts. Overall, the fitting schedule was very complicated; but installation was simplified by the custom pieces and field versatility.”

“Due to the pipe’s fixed outside diameter and a fixed inside diameter seal on the FWC couplings, field adjustments to the standard 20-foot pipe lengths are easily accomplished to connect to concrete structures or a fitting,” said Rene Garcia, engineering supervisor, Hobas Pipe USA.

Installation

This project used stainless steel closures, which minimized the amount of ground removal.

“The stainless steel closure couplings were required between two fixed ends. In most cases, we had a large concrete diversion structure and multiple concrete clarifiers with interconnecting piping between the structures. The closure couplings allowed each of the concrete structures to be constructed independently of each other, allowing Plocher Construction to erect multiple structures at once without dividing the site up with our excavation work,” Graham said. “Each structure had multiple cast-in-place Hobas sleeves or fittings. Once the structures were complete and the concrete equipment removed from the direct area, the intermediate piping was completed, connecting to the Hobas sleeves at each structure or cast-in-place fitting.”

As required, the force main was tested at 25 psi and gravity piping was tested at 20 psi for one minute without leakage or pressure drop.

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Granular bedding provided the 46-stiffness fiberglass pipe with the required support for the 21-foot depth.

“We are about 85 percent complete with testing and only had one joint seal issue on a closure coupling,” Graham said. “Hobas is planning on coming in after we are 100 percent tested and seal the joint from the inside. That’s the benefit to using Hobas pipe we will not have to dig up the coupling for repair since the site is now restored.”

“Fiberglass pipes by nature are very repairable,” said Kimberly Paggioli, P.E., vice president, marketing and quality control, Hobas Pipe USA. The same materials that were used to make the custom fittings for this project can be used to seal the leaking joint internally. Davis-Houk used joint testers from Plug It Products.

Phase Four bid in April of 2011 and is currently under construction. The Springfield WWTP is expected to be fully operational in June 2012 with Phase Four completion in late 2013.

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About the Author: Erin Boudreaux is a marketing assistant with Hobas Pipe USA.

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